[Landscape of the Spirits: Hohokam Rock Art at South Mountain Park]
Landscape of the Spirits: Hohokam Rock Art at South Mountain Park, Todd Bostwick & Peter Krocek
2002, The University of Arizona Press, paper
252 pages, 71 color photos, 6 maps, 288 b/w line illustrations, 7" x 10"
$28.00, paper
$60.00, cloth

High above the noise and traffic of metropolitan Phoenix, Native American rock art offers mute testimony that another civilization once thrived in the Arizona desert. In the city's South Mountains, prehispanic peoples pecked thousands of images into the mountains' boulders and outcroppings—images that today's hikers can encounter with every bend in the trail.

Landscape of the Spirits is the first book to cover the ancient images and is one of the most comprehensive treatments of a rock art location ever published. It conveys the range of different rock art elements and compositions found in the South Mountains—animals, humans, and geometric shapes, as well as celestial and calendrical markings at key sites—through accurate descriptions, drawings, and photographs. Interpretations of the petroglyphs are based on Native American ethnographic accounts and consider the most recent theories concerning shamanism and archaeoastronomy.

Written in a simple and accessible style, Landscape of the Spirits is an indispensable volume for anyone exploring the South Mountains, and for rock art enthusiasts everywhere who wish to broaden their understanding of the prehistoric world. It is both an authoritative overview of these ancient wonders and an unprecedented benchmark in southwestern rock art research at a single geographic location.

Todd Bostwick, an archaeologist who has studied the Hohokam for more than twenty years, and Peter Krocek, a professional photographer with a passion for archaeology, have combed the South Mountains to locate nearly all of the ancient petroglyphs found in the canyons and ridges. Their years of learning the landscape and investigating the ancient designs have resulted in a book that explores this wealth of prehistoric rock art within its natural and cultural contexts, revealing what these carvings might mean, how they got there, and when they were made.

Todd W. Bostwick has been Phoenix City Archaeologist since 1990 and is responsible for the management of archaeological sites located within the city limits. He has written a number of articles on Hohokam rock art in the American Indian Rock Art series, published by the American Rock Art Research Association.

An accomplished scenic photographer, Peter Krocek has concentrated on exploring and photographing Phoenix's South Mountains since the early 1990s. His work has been published in Arizona Highways and has been exhibited at the Pueblo Grande Museum and The South Mountain Educational Center.

"A major and long-awaited contribution to the study of rock art in the Southwest . . . The photographs and drawings will be of interest to people all over the world." —Henry D. Wallace, Desert Archaeology, Inc.

"A major rock art book . . . Without question, it will be the best book on southwestern rock art on the market, and the only one on this specific region of any consequence at all." —David Whitley, author of Handbook of Rock Art Research

    Table of Contents
  1. Learning the Landscape
  2. Investigating Ancient Art in the Sonoran Desert
  3. Dating Rock Art in the South Mountains
  4. Small Critters: Insects and Other Arthropods
  5. Creatures of the Underworld: Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish
  6. Our Four-Legged Brothers: Mammals
  7. Friends of the UpperWorld: Birds
  8. Humans and Spirit Beings: Anthropomorphs
  9. Abstract Mysteries: Geometric Designs
  10. Saluting the Sun: A Hohokam Calendar
  11. Dreams, Memories, and Signs: A Summary of South Mountains Rock Art


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Last update: 30 December 2004